A Quick Preview of how to Paint your pool, but do follow preparation instructions below: (All instructions provided with your order)
APPLYING THE EPOXY COATING
- Epoxy Paint is very hard when cured and can create a very slippery surface especially when wet, caution needs to be taken when entering the pool under these conditions. After a few months this surface will become more matte and should be less glossy. Non-slip surface can be created on areas like steps and ledges by using a silica sand between coats.
- Do not paint when temperatures are below 12°C
- Do not paint when its very hot for example 35°C, unless you are experienced with epoxies.
- No moisture should be present at any time during painting.
- Curing times before filling pool is 7 to 10 days.
Safety Information – A full set of SDS Sheets are available on request.
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: Suitable breathing mask when there is inadequate ventilation. Use approved respiratory protection when spraying.
If Swallowed: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Seek medical attention.
HANDS/FEET PROTECTION: Neoprene gloves or elbow length PVC gloves. PVC boots or PVC safety gumboots.
Contact with Skin: Remove immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water or shower. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
EYE PROTECTION: Wear glasses/goggles with side shields or face shield to protect face and eyes.
In Contact with Eyes: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. Seek medical attention promptly.
BREATHING PROTECTION: Provide sufficient ventilation.
If Inhaled: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a comfortable position.
Engineering Controls: Ensure good ventilation/suction.
Control parameters: None
Other: Normal work clothes covering arms and legs. Overalls and boots.
Concrete pools that have been cement rendered
- Cement render should be tested for moisture content before painting, usually a few weeks depending on temperatures.
- Pool surface should always be clean and rid of any loose material.
- If surface is smooth then you should acid etch the surface, see section below.
- It is recommended that a newly rendered pool should always be sealed using AquaSheen UltraSeal Epoxy Primer Sealer.
Pre-Painted Surfaces-Chlorinated Rubber
- If you are unsure of the current painted surface do the following test, soak cloth in Xylene or Acetone and rub the dry paint continuously for 1 minute. If the old paint becomes sticky to touch, it is probably Chlorinated Rubber. AquaSheen Epoxy Coating cannot be applied over Chlorinated Rubber.
- Remove any old Chlorinated Rubber paint completely by grinding or sand blasting, failing to do so will cause the epoxy to delaminate.
Pre-Painted Surfaces – Epoxy
- The best preparation for any surface is to pressure blast the surface with a high pressure cleaner, we recommend around 4000psi to be sufficient. Normal smaller electric Gerni type blasters may not be enough.
- Use a mix of Sodium Bicabonate and water to scrub the surface, 2kg per 10L of water should be sufficient.
- Any loose debris, flaking paint and dust needs to be removed from pool first. Flaking paint needs to be sand or grind of the surface using a ZEC type disc. Vacuum up any dust.
- Always ensure a fiberglass pool is securely braced before emptying the water, if not properly braced a fiberglass pool may collapse. If unsure of this process seek professional assistance. Acro-Props and timber planks would be the industry standard for this process.
- Rub the surface back using a 60 Grit sand paper, mechanical equipment may be used with caution. The entire surface would need a good rub down.
- Pressure wash surface and remove any water. Allow drying fully before attempting the next step.
- Vacuum out any debris the morning of the first coat. Apply first coat using a 11mm Nap Type roller (always brush a roller with a stiff brush to remove any loose hairs) Cut in corners and around fittings using a brush. Apply two layers on an area where the braces can be moved to the next day, do this as you start and apply a second layer before you finish (minimum 2 hours apart)
- Next morning move the braces (two person process) to the area prepared.
- Lightly sand surface down again using a 40 Grit sand paper, spend extra time on the high glossy areas and sharp edges that might have been caused by debris falling into the paint.
- Apply second coat using the same method. Be sure to cover the area well that was under the braces the first day. Third and even fourth coats can be applied if its required, usually not necessary.
- Always allow painted surfaces to cure for at least 7 – 10 days and follow chemical balance instructions carefully.
Acid Etching cement Render
- Always wear the correct PPE to protect yourself, the use of Hydrochloric Acid can be very dangerous, if you unsure seek professional advise.
- Any chemical should be added to water and never the other way around, also never mix chemicals together. Add 2 L of Acid to a 10 L of water.
- Using a stiff brush with a long handle scrub the Acid solution onto the surface starting in the deepest part of the pool before it fills up. You can also use a watering can to distribute the solution directly onto the surface before scrubbing.
- Wash down the surface thoroughly and repeat, on the final wash use a sodium bicarbonate solution (2kg to 10L of water) and wash down the entire surface. It is very important to not allow the acid to dry and also to remove all of it.
- We recommend not acid washing the pool if you not going to be able to do it properly, incorrect acid washing of a pool could cause more damage then not doing it at all. Often pools don’t need acid etching and high pressure blasting or sand blasting could replace this process.
- Surface needs to be completely dry before painting, using clear plastic taped to the surface will reveal residual moisture when baking in the sun. Moisture meters can be purchased from JayCar Electronics for around $30.
If you are unsure about any part of this process it is recommended to contact AquaSheen first on 13004EPOXY or email firstname.lastname@example.org to clarify, read carefully and ensure you understand before proceeding with any of these steps.
- Surface should be dry and no rain forecasted for at least a few days, ideal temperatures would be around 20 to 25 deg. If temperatures are too cold it might be too early in the day to paint, avoid painting too late as low temperatures and dew might settle on pool surface over night. Start on the side of the pool with the most sun in the cooler months of the year and start in the shaded areas in the warmer months of the year.
- Add Part B hardener to Part A base, ensure to remove all Part B product into Part A can. Stirring product mechanically would be the best method using a paint mixer. When using a manual mixing rod its vital to mix using as many revolutions as possible, continuously for at least 5 min.
- Pour contents into a clean bucket, use paint only from this bucket. Never scrape out the can with the brush you’ll be using to paint the pool – this will result in unmixed paint to never cure on pool surface.
- Never mix half packs or more than one pack at a time. Once mixed paint will start to harden in 30 to 40 min on a hot day.
- If you are not an experienced painter you might use tape to mask off certain areas, however this is not recommended. If tape is used remove it as soon as possible after area is painted. Cut in areas using a brush and roll other areas using a roller.
- AquaSheen is a High Build Premium Epoxy Pool Coating system, we would usually only apply 2 coats, 3 may be required in some circumstances.
- The surface may be required to be abraded if the product is allowed to cure for more than 24 hours, however this is temperature related. If the temperatures were low 48 hours would still be ok. Regardless it is good practice to lightly sand the surface between coats anyway.
Allow surface to cure for at least 5 days when above 30 deg and as much as 10 days below 20 deg. Usually 7 days will be good.
Water Balance – VERY IMPORTANT
The most important part of any pool surface regardless of what type of surface it may be is by far the water balance. Its not just painted surfaces. When correct water balance is maintained consistently there is no reason for your pool surface to wear down other than standard wear and tear. It is very important to notify your pool shop, pool service or maintenance staff of these changes in parameters.
pH 7.6 – 7.8
TA 160 – 180ppm
Chlorine below 3ppm
All other levels may be adjusted as recommended by your professional advisor or supplier.